1. John Prepares the Way for Jesus (1:1-8)
2. Jesus Begins His Ministry with Miracles (1:9-45)
a. Jesus' Baptism (1:9-11)
b. Jesus' Temptations (1:12-13)
c. Jesus Preaches the Gospel (1:14-15)
d. Jesus Calls His Disciples (1:16-20)
e. Jesus Astonishes People with His Doctrine (1:21-22)
f. Various Miracles (1:23-45)
3. Jesus Handles Criticisms and Complaints (2-3)
a. Miracles and Forgiveness of Sins (2:1-12)
b. Eating with the Unrighteous (2:13-17)
c. Non-fasting (2:18-22)
d. "Working" on the Sabbath (2:23-28)
e. Healing on the Sabbath (3:1-6)
f. Jesus Withdraws and Calls His Apostles (3:7-21)
g. Jesus is Accused of Healing by Satan's Power (3:22-30)
h. Jesus Identifies His Family (3:31-35)
4. Jesus' Parables (4:1-34)
5. Miracles/Teaching/Events (4:35-10:52)
a. Calming the Sea (4:35-41)
b. The Man with a Legion of Demons (5:1-20)
c. Jairus' Daughter/Woman with Issue of Blood (5:21-43)
d. Dishonor at Home (6:1-6)
e. The Limited Commission (6:7-13)
f. The Death of John (6:14-29)
g. The Feeding of the 5,000 (6:30-44)
h. Walking on Water (6:45-53)
i. Thorough Healing of All (6:54-56)
j. Importance of the Inward Man (7:1-23)
k. The Syrophenician Woman (7:24-30)
l. Healing the Hearing and Speech Impaired (7:31-37)
m. Feeding the 4,000 (8:1-9)
n. Discourse on Doctrine (8:10-21)
o. Healing the Blind Man (8:22-26)
p. Jesus and His Kingdom (8:27-9:1)
q. The Mount of Transfiguration (9:2-10)
r. The Elijah to Come (9:11-13)
s. The Boy with the Dumb Spirit (9:14-29)
t. Prediction of His Death (9:30-32; 8:31-33; 10:32-34)
u. Ambition, Jealousy, and Self-control (9:33-50; 10:35-45)
v. Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage (10:1-12)
w. Jesus Blesses the Children (10:13-16)
x. The Rich, Young Ruler (10:17-27)
y. Reward for the Faithful (10:28-31)
z. Healing the Blind Man (10:46-52)
6. The Last Week (11-15)
a. The Triumphal Entry (11:1-11)
b. Cursing the Fig Tree (11:12-14; 20-26)
c. Dealing with the Moneychangers (11:15-19)
d. Questions and Answers (11:27-12:44)
1) Authority (11:27-33)
2) Parable of the Vineyard (12:1-12)
3) Paying Taxes (12:13-17)
4) Woman with Seven Brother-Husbands (12:18-27)
5) The Greatest Commandment (12:28-34)
6) How is Christ the Son of David? (12:35-37)
7) False and True Religion (12:38-44)
e. The Destruction of Jerusalem (13:1-37)
f. Betrayal and Crucifixion (14-15)
g. The Resurrection (16)
KEY VERSES AND PASSAGES
1:1 "The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of
God." The significance is that the Gospel did not begin to
be taught after Jesus' crucifixion, during the 40 days, or
on the Day of Pentecost. Jesus began preaching and
teaching His New Testament doctrine during His earthly
1:4 "John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching a
baptism of repentance for the remission of sins." John
required people to repent and be baptized for the
forgiveness of their sins.
1:5 "And all the land of Judea, and those from Jerusalem, went
out to him and were all baptized by him in the Jordan River,
confessing their sins." Two points: 1) The word all is
sometimes qualified by certain factors (11:31-32); 2) If all
went out, then might not the thief on the cross have been
baptized by John (Luke 23:39-43)?
1:14 "Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee,
preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, 'The
time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent,
and believe in the gospel.'" Notice again that the gospel
was being preached even though the law of Moses was still
in effect. This gospel involves the church/ kingdom being
established. The time is at hand. This passage refutes
premillennialism: note the kingdom is at hand.
9:1 "And He said to them, 'Assuredly, I say to you that there
are some standing here who will not taste of death till they
see the kingdom of God present with power.'" This verse also
refutes the tenets of premillennialism: Either Jesus lied or
was mistaken (if the kingdom was, in fact, not established),
or there are some very old men still alive. The fact is
that the kingdom was always designed to be spiritual
in nature, and it was established on the Day of Pentecost.
16:15-16 "And He said to them: 'Go into all the world and
preach the gospel to every creature. He who believes
and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not
believe will be condemned.'" Notice that the verse does
not teach that one can believe and be saved, then
baptized (Protestantism), nor does it say to baptize
"creatures," thus saving them; then teach them later
Mark 16:9-20 was written by Mark; the passage belongs where it is
found in most Bibles.
Following are notes on this passage from various translations:
NKJV: "Vv. 9-20 are bracketed in NU as not in the original text.
They are lacking in Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus,
although nearly all other mss. of Mark contain them."
NASB: "Some of the oldest mss. omit v. 9 through 20."
RSV: "Some of the most ancient authorities bring the book to a
close at the end of verse 8."
NRSV: Same as above (with more comprehensive information following).
NEB: "At this point some of the most ancient witnesses bring the
book to a close."
NIV (1978): "The two most reliable early manuscripts do not have
NIV (1984): "The most reliable early manuscripts and other ancient
witnesses do not have Mark 16:9-20."
The fact is, however, the Peshito Syriac contains the
passage, and it is 200 years earlier than Sinaiticus and Vaticanus.
Justin Martyr (c. A.D. 160) quotes from Mark 16:9-20. Irenaeus (c.
A.D.177) writes: "But Mark in the end of his gospel says, 'And the
Lord Jesus, after that he had spoken to them, was received up
into heaven, and sat at the right hand of God.'"
*Send comments or questions concerning this survey to Gary Summers.[New Testament Survey Index]