OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

1 SAMUEL

OUTLINE
1. Eli's House (The Ark is Captured) (1-4) 2. The Ark is Returned (5-7) 3. Israel Demands a King (8) 4. The United Kingdom-Saul (9-31) a. Saul is Selected and Anointed (9-10) b. Saul's Decline as a King (11-15) c. David's Victory over Goliath (16-17) d. Saul's Efforts to Destroy David (18-27) e. Saul's Death Prophesied and Fulfilled (28-31)
EXPLANATION
Eli's sons are morally and spiritually defiled. God judges his house, prophesying its destruction through the young Samuel. The glory departs from Israel as the ark of the covenant is captured by the Philistines, who eventually return it due to the problems it has caused them. Samuel presides as the last judge over Israel. He desires that his sons follow in his footsteps, but they are not of the same caliber he is; Israel demands a king so that they can be like the nations around them. Saul begins his reign well by being courageous and gracious, but soon he takes authority that God has not granted him (13:8-14). Then he willfully disobeys God (15:13-31). He does not lead his men against the Philistines as former judges had done. A shepherd named David fights and wins this battle, thereby creating envy in Saul which never entirely goes away. Saul's daughter (David's wife Michal) and his son Jonathan help David to escape the cruel and unjust wrath of their father; David is constantly pursued by Saul who wants to put David to death. Saul is deserted by God and goes to see a woman with a familiar spirit who familiarizes him with his bleak future. The book ends with the death of Saul, who typifies a sad departure from God. One theme that is threaded throughout this book is loyalty.
HIGHLIGHTS
1:9-11, 20 The Prayer of a Righteous Woman. 5:1-12 God Defending His Ark (see also Joash's Speech in Judges 6:31). 14:6; 18:3-4 Jonathan's Courage and Loyalty. 17:26 David's Faith and Forbearance (24:9-17; 26:7-11). Toward Saul, the Lord's Anointed. 25:18-35 Abigail's Wisdom.
KEY VERSES
2:30 "...for those who honor Me I will honor...." 8:7 "...for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me...." 8:19-20 "No, but we will have a king over us, that they may be like all the nations...." 13:14 "...The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart...." 14:6 "For nothing restrains the Lord from saving by many or by few." 15:22 "Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed than the fat of rams." 16:7 "...for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart." 20:3 "...there is but a step between me and death."
LOWLIGHTS
2:12-17, 22-25 The Perversion of Eli's Sons. 4:5 Thinking the Ark of the Covenant Would Save Them in their Depravity. 22:11-19 Killing the Priests of the Lord. 23:4-12 The Ingratitude of the Men of Keilah, as well as Nabal's (chapter 25). 28 Saul's Visit to the Woman with the Familiar Spirit.

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