OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

2 CHRONICLES

OUTLINE
1. Solomon (1-9) 2. Rehoboam (10-12) 3. Abijah (13) 4. Asa (14-16) 5. Jehoshaphat 17-20) 6. Jehoram (21) 7. Ahaziah (22) 8. [Athaliah and Jehoida] (23) 9. Joash (24) 10. Amaziah (25) 11. Uzziah (26) 12. Jotham (27) 13. Ahaz (28) 14. Hezekiah (29-32) 15. Manasseh and Amon (33) 16. Josiah (34-35) 17. Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah (36)
EXPLANATION
2 Chronicles, as already mentioned, was written by Ezra around 450 B.C. He did not choose to focus on Israel at all, perhaps because they were the apostate kingdom after the time of Jeroboam and because as regards Christ coming into the world, they become irrelevant. The Messiah will come through the tribe of Judah. But what a sad story the history is. The kingdom becomes so spiritually pathetic that God has them taken captive in Babylon, which is where the book ends. The reader begins this book with a picture of the great splendor of Solomon's reign and finishes it with Israel "by the rivers of Babylon" (Psalm 137), with the land lying desolate. At least some attention is given to the reign of each king, but the information recorded is not there for the reason that most history is written. In secular accounts we learn of the material accomplishments, the successes, and the failures. And although strengths and shortcomings abound in this book, there is always a spiritual emphasis. That "historical" events occur is always the case; what the writer of this book wants people to know is the reason these things happen.
KEY VERSES
3:1 The House of the Lord is Built on the Threshing Floor of Ornan. 6:36-39 A Prophecy of Captivity. 7:19-22 "But if you turn away and forsake My statutes...." 8:7-9 What Had Happened to the People of the Land? 9:29; 13:22; 20:34 Writers of the Old Testament. 15:2-3 "...The Lord is with you while you are with Him. If you seek Him, He will be found by you; but if you forsake Him, He will forsake you." 15:12-13 Total Commitment. 19:2 "Should you help the wicked and love those who hate the Lord?" 29:25 Instrumental Music was Authorized Under this Covenant; It Has No Authority Today. 32:7 "Be strong and courageous...." 32:8 "With him is an arm of flesh; but with us is the Lord our God...." 36:15-16 "And the Lord God of their fathers sent warnings... But they mocked the messengers of God, despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the Lord arose against His people, till there was no remedy."
INSIGHT
One of the key verses of Ezra is 7:10; he prepared his heart to seek the law of the Lord. He also talks about kings in this manner. Why was Rehoboam such a dismal failure? Because he prepared not his heart to seek the Lord (12:14). Jotham was mighty because he prepared his ways before the Lord His God (27:6). Hezekiah invoked God's blessings upon all who would prepare their hearts to seek God (30:18-19). Jehoshaphat was such a good overall king because he prepared his heart to seek God (19:3); however, as already noticed he had a fellowship problem. As Frank Dunn points out in his Know Your Bible, "Good king Jehoshaphat entered into a three-fold sinful alliance with the house of Ahab: (a) military (18:3), (b) matrimonial, marriage of his son, Jehoram to Ahab's daughter, Athaliah (21:6), and (c) commercial (20:35-37)" (154-55).
HIGHLIGHTS
13:4-12 Abijah-The Lord is Our God. 14:2-5 Asa-Spiritual Housecleaning. 15:16- He Removes the Queen Mother. 17:1-6 Jehoshaphat-His Heart Took Delight in the Ways of the Lord. 29-32 The Reforms of Hezekiah. 33:10-17 The Repentance of Manasseh. 34-35 The Restoration of Josiah.
LOWLIGHTS
11:15 In Addition to the Golden Calves Jeroboam Worshipped Demons. 12:9-10 Bronze Shields, Cheap Substitutes. 16:7-12 Asa's Sad Conclusion to a Good Life. 21:19-20 Jehoram's Sad Departure from this World. 24:2, 15-22 Joash-The Height of Ingratitude. 25:14-15 Amaziah Worships the Losers. 26:16-21 Uzziah's Pride Gets the Best of Him for a Time. 28:22-25 Ahaz-The Wicked King Becomes Increasing Unfaithful. 30:10-11 Restoration Practices are Laughed to Scorn, Though Some Humble Themselves. 34:15 "...I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord..."

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