OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

2 KINGS

OUTLINE
1. Elijah's work is finished (1:1-2:11) 2. Elisha's deeds (2:12-9:10) 3. Jehu and the end of Ahab's house (9:11-10:36) 4. Athaliah, the usurper (11) 5. Various kings of the North and South (12-16) 6. Israel taken captive (17) 7. Judah alone, Hezekiah-Zedekiah (18-24) 8. Judah taken captive (25)
EXPLANATION
The end of Ahab's dynasty occurs; the next one is Jehu's. In Judah, David's seed line is interrupted by Athaliah who rules for six years before being deposed. The first part of the book also deals with the death of Elijah and the ministry of Elisha. What follows is little more than a listing of kings until Israel is taken captive by Assyria. Hezekiah is king of Judah at that time, and he is righteous, thus prolonging Judah's history, but his son Manasseh does more evil than can be repaired-even by the restoration of Josiah. Within a few years of his death Judah is taken captive by Babylon. Frank Dunn points out the following facts: The phrase, right in the sight of God, appears 8 times; Because they have done evil in my sight occurs 21 times; According to the word of the Lord, or its equivalent, is used 24 times; The man of God finds its way into the text 36 times (138). The time period covered by 1 and 2 Kings begins with King David and ends with the king of Babylon; These books open with the temple being built and close with the temple burnt and destroyed; They start with David's successor being crowned and end with David's last successor being released from the house of captivity (141).
KEY SCRIPTURES
4:23 "...It is neither the New Moon nor the Sabbath." 5:9-14 The Cleansing of Naaman's Leprosy. 6:16 "Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them." 17:21-23 From Jeroboam's Sin Israel Never Departed Until the Lord Removed Them. 17:24-41 The Origin of the Samaritans. 25:11 The Lord's, The King's, and Other Houses were All Burnt.
HIGHLIGHTS
1:9-14 The King Learns a Lesson in Humility. 3:13-24 Lessons for Four Kings. 4:1-7 Helping the Widow Pay her Debts. 4:32-37 Resurrecting a Woman's Son from the Dead. 4:40 "O man of God, there is death in the pot!" 9:30-37 The End of the Wicked Jezebel. 10:18-29 The Destruction of Baal Worship; However.... 20:1-11 Hezekiah's Life Extended. 23:15-25 Josiah's Great Restoration.
LOWLIGHTS
2:23-24 The Mockery of a Man of God. 11:1 Athaliah Usurps the Throne. 20:12-19 Hezekiah's Pride. 21:1-16; 23:26; 24:3-4 Manasseh's Sins-and its Effect on Israel.

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