OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

2 SAMUEL

OUTLINE
1. David Secures the Kingdom (1-4) 2. David Sets the Kingdom in Order (5-10) 3. David's Sin and the Aftermath (11-14) 4. Absalom's (15-19) and Sheba's Rebellion (20) 5. Other Matters in David's Reign (21-24)
EXPLANATION
The first king over Israel is dead. David is not automatically accepted as the new king; there is a challenge by one of Saul's sons. Joab "helps" David secure the kingdom by killing the great general Abner. Others "help" David by killing Saul's son. Once secure as king, David moves the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem-with tragic consequences. Having Michal returned does not yield the results David hoped for, either. David wins several victories and shows kindness to Mephibosheth, Jonathan's son. Then David sins, and most of the rest of his life is affected by this action. The child conceived by adultery dies. One of his sons rapes one of his daughters. Vengeance is taken upon him by her brother, who then leads a revolt against David. From his beloved city the king is forced to flee; he wins the battle but loses his son. Another rebellion follows, and some miscellaneous items are included.
HIGHLIGHTS
1:19-27 David's Praise for His Enemy. 7:12-16 The Prophecy of the Kingdom. 9:1-13 David's Loyalty to Jonathan. 22:1-51 David's Psalm of Praise. 23:1-23 The List of Heroes and Their Deeds.
KEY SCRIPTURES
12:7 "You are the man!" 12:23 "...I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me." 15:19-21 The Loyalty of Ittai the Gittite. 22:4 "I will call upon the Lord, who is worthy to be praised; so shall I be saved from my enemies." 22:21-22 "The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me. For I have kept the ways of the Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God."
LOWLIGHTS
1:6-10 A Man Lies to Obtain a Reward and is Killed. 3:6-11 Abner Detests Being Rebuked for a Sexual Sin. 3:13-16 Michal Despises David (see also 6:20-23). 3:24-27 Joab Kills Abner Without Just Cause. 4:5-12 Saul's Captains Kill His Son, Ishbosheth; They in Turn are Executed. 6:2-7 The Ark of the Covenant is Carried Incorrectly; Uzzah Dies When He Touches It. 10:1-5 David's Good Intentions are mistaken; His Emissaries are Shamefully Treated. 11:1-12:15 David Gives In to Sin and Must Be Rebuked. 13 Amnon's Ravaging of Tamar; Absalom's Revenge. 14-15 David's Estrangement from Absalom and His Subsequent Rebellion. 16:1-4 Who is Telling the Truth, and Who is Lying (see also 19:24-30)? 16:7-13 David is Cursed by Shimei (see also 19:18-23). 18:11-15 Joab kills Absalom Despite David's Plea for his Safety. 18:33-19:8 David mourns for his rebellious son rather than rejoicing in the victory. 20:4-13 Joab Kills Amasa. 21:1-14 The Famine Due to Saul's Sins. 24 David's sin in numbering Israel.

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