OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

DEUTERONOMY

OUTLINE
1. First Address (Historical)-1-4 2. Second Address (Doctrinal)-5-26 3. Third Address (Admonitional)-27-28 4. Fourth Address (Admonitional)-29-30 5. Moses' Last Acts (31-34) a. Joshua Appointed Successor (31) b. The Song of Moses (32) c. The Blessing of Moses (33) d. The Death of Moses (34)
EXPLANATION
The book of Deuteronomy was written by Moses some time before 1400 B.C. Israel has been wandering in the wilderness 40 years because of their refusal to conquer by faith the land that God had promised them. The generation that came out of Egypt is now dead; their children are ready to inherit the promises God made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. They need to know the law that was given to their fathers. Deuteronomy means "second law." It is not literally a second law, but rather the law repeated for the second generation of Israelites who left Egypt. Several words are often repeated: hear-34 times; hearken(ed) -26 times; observe-21 times; keep-39 times; do-95 times; love (d) (eth)-22 times. In this book there are at least 259 references to the preceding books-30 to Genesis, 94 to Exodus, 61 to Leviticus, and 74 to Numbers. In other Old Testament books there are not fewer than 356 references to Deuteronomy, and in the New Testament not less than 96, found in 17 of the 27 books of the New Testament (Frank J. Dunn Know Your Bible 86). KEY VERSE: "And now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you, but to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all His ways and to love Him, to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, and to keep the commandments of the Lord and His statutes which I command you today for your good?" (Deut. 10:12-13).
KEY VERSES AND PASSAGES
4:2; 12:32 "You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take anything from it..." 5:6-21 The Ten Commandments Repeated. 6:5 "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart..." 6:13, 16; 8:3 The three verses Jesus cited to Satan as He resisted temptation. 6:4-9; 11:18-21 Parents' Responsibility for Teaching Their Children. 13:1-5; 18:20-22 The Tests for Determining a False Prophet. 17:14-17 Prohibition from Multiplying Horses and Wives. 18:9-14 Do Not Follow the Example of the People of the Land. 18:15-19 The Prophet to Come (like Moses). 19:15 The Necessity of Having Two or Three Witnesses. 21:15-17 The Firstborn Son Must Be the First Son Born. 21:22-23 "...he who is hanged is accursed of God." 22:6-7 The Least Esteemed Commandment, As Ranked By Jews. 22:13-30 Laws on Sexual Purity. 24:1-4 The Law on Divorce. 25:3 The Maximum Penalty of Forty Blows as Punishment. 25:5-10 The Marriage Duty of a Brother. 26:11-13 Provision for the Needy. 29:29 "The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but those things that are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law." 31:9-13; 17:18-20 Knowing the Word

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