OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

EXODUS

OUTLINE
1. Israel in Egypt (1-14) a. Israel in Bondage (1) b. Development of a Deliverer (2-4) c. Pharaoh Versus Moses, The Ten Plagues (5-11) d. Deliverance (12-14) 1) The Passover (12) 2) The Departure (13) 3) The Drowning (14) 2. Israel in the Wilderness (15-18) 3. Israel at Sinai (19-40) a. Arriving at the Mount (19) b. The Ten Commandments (20) c. Additional Laws (21-24) d. The Tabernacle Instructions, Part 1 (25-31) e. The Golden Calf and Aftermath (32-34) f. The Tabernacle Instructions, Part 2 (35-40)
EXPLANATION
The book of Exodus was written by Moses some time before 1400 B.C. It explains briefly how the Israelites came to be enslaved in Egypt. A brief biography of Moses is given; God selects him to return to Egypt to deliver God's people out of bondage. Pharaoh stubbornly rejects the idea of giving Israel any freedom right from the start. God brings ten plagues upon the Egyptians until Pharaoh finally gives permission for them to leave. Pharaoh changes his mind; his armies pursue Israel, who is encamped by the Red Sea. Placing a pillar of fire between the Egyptians and the Israelites, God parts the waters of the Red Sea and with a strong east wind dries the land upon which Israel will cross to the other side. The Egyptians foolishly attempt to follow and are drowned. At Mount Sinai God gives His laws, beginning with the ten commandments. Shortly thereafter God punishes them for violating them by worshipping a golden calf. The book devotes considerable emphasis to the specifications for the tabernacle.
KEY VERSES AND PASSAGES
3:8 "So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians...." 3:14 ..."Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'" 12:1-51 Instructions for the Passover. 15:1-21 The song of rejoicing for deliverance from Pharaoh. 20:3 "You shall have no other gods before Me." 20:4 "You shall not make for yourselves any carved image...." 20:7 "You shall not take the name of the Lord Your God in vain...." 20:8 "Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy." 20:12 "Honor your father and mother, that your days may be long upon the land...." 20:13 "You shall not murder." 20:14 "You shall not commit adultery." 20:15 "You shall not steal." 20:16 "You shall not bear false witness against you neighbor." 20:17 "You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife...." 23:14-17 The three feast days.

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