OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

JOB

OUTLINE
1. Prologue: Catastrophes Befall Job (1-2) 2. Job's Lament (3) 3. Friends and Responses, Round #1 (4-14) a. Eliphaz the Temanite (4-5) b. Job (6-7) c. Bildad the Shuhite (8) d. Job (9-10) e. Zophar the Naamathite (11) f. Job (12-14) 4. Friends and Responses, Round #2 (15-21) a. Eliphaz (15) b. Job (16-17) c. Bildad (18) d. Job (19) e. Zophar (20) f. Job (21) 5. Friends and Responses, Round #3 (22-31) a. Eliphaz (22) b. Job (23-24) c. Bildad (25) d. Job (26-31) 6. Elihu's monologue (32-37) 7. God's monologue (38-41) 8. Epilogue (42)
EXPLANATION
The book of Job deals with the problem of human suffering. If the reader wants to know, "Why is there suffering?" the answer clearly is: because of Satan. The book makes the point that all suffering is not the result of one's own sins (although such can be the case). The book does not answer the question, "Why does God allow human suffering?" -unless the reader is satisfied with the answer, "God is Sovereign."
KEY VERSES
1:21-22 Job's Refusal to Blame God (see also 2:10). 3:20-21 Job Wants to Know Why He Cannot Die (but leaves the responsibility for death to God). 4:7-8 Eliphaz: "Who ever perished, being innocent?" (see also 4:17; 5:7, 17). 6:8, 10 Job's Thoughts and Defense (see also 6:24-25; 7:4-6, 13-18). 12:2 Job Can Return Insults (see also 13:3-5). 13:15 "Though He slay me, yet will I trust Him...." 14:1-2 "As the Life of a Flower" could come from this verse. 14:14 "If a man dies, shall he live again?" 15:7-9 Job is Accused of Arrogance. 16:2-4 "...Miserable comforters are you all!" Job Suggests Changing Places. 19:6 "Know then that God has wronged me...." (see also 19:13-22). 19:23-26 Job's Sad Condition. Contrast with Job's Vindication (42:7-17). 21:7-17 The Wicked Sure are Lucky. 22:1-14 Job is Characterized as One of the Most Wicked of Men. 23:1-6 Job Wants Judgment; God knows he does not merit this suffering (see also 10-12). 23:12 "...I have treasured the words of His mouth more than my necessary food." 26:7 "He stretches out the north over empty space; He hangs the earth on nothing." 31:1-40 Job's Emphatic Denial of Wrongdoing. 38: 4-7 "Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?" 38:31 Orion and the Pleiades are mentioned, as are behemoth (40:15-24) and Leviathan (42).

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