OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY

Compiled by: Gary W. Summers


   

LEVITICUS

OUTLINE
1. The Offerings (1-7) 2. The Priesthood (8-10) 3. Cleanliness as Part of Godliness (11-22) a. Clean and Unclean Animals (11) b. Purification for Mothers (12) c. Purification in Leprosy (13-14) d. Personal Purification (15) e. The Day of Atonement (16) f. Correct Treatment of Blood (17) g. Holiness and Sexuality (18-20) h. Holiness for the Priests (21-22) 4. Additional Matters (23-27) a. The Feast Days (23) b. The Sabbath Day (24:1-9) c. Blasphemy (24:10-23) d. The Year of Jubilee (25) e. The Covenant of Blessing and Cursing (26) f. Vows, Redemption, and Tithes (27)
EXPLANATION
The book of Leviticus was written by Moses some time before 1400 B.C. The book contains instructions for both the people and the priests so that they can be holy before God. The adjective holy and its verb form sanctified are used over 100 times; the words clean and unclean appear over 200 times; and the words offering or sacrifice are found over 300 times. The key verse is 19:2: "Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel: 'You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy'" (see also 11:44-45). When someone is making an effort to live a holy life, various questions arise. This book makes practical applications to all manner of situations.
KEY EVENT
To drive home the point that God is holy and that man must respect the nature of God, a tragedy occurs. Two priests, Aaron's sons (Nadab and Abihu) offer "profane fire" to God, which He had not authorized (and which was therefore unacceptable). God's attitude toward things profane (and also toward doing that which lacks Biblical authority) is clearly demonstrated. He does not, as he did Nadab and Abihu, judge immediately all wrongdoers (or none of us would survive), but His attitude is clear.
KEY VERSES
10:1-2 The deaths of Nadab and Abihu. 16:1-34 The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). 18:1-30 Laws of sexual purity. 19:2 "Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them: 'You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.'" 19:18 "...but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord." 19:26 "You shall not eat anything with the blood...." 20:13 "If a man lies with a male as he lies with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination. They shall surely be put to death. Their blood shall be upon them." 24:10-23 Blasphemy is to be punished with death.

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